The Stages Of Team Formation Flashcards

For a short guide on how to resolve such conflicts, watch the below video. When it comes to duties and responsibilities, these are often not clear enough for the team to sufficiently operate. Tasks may still be at the point of being distributed and team members may not be sure who is best for what. Interactions are at the same time restrained as no-one yet knows how the other person reacts. At this stage, people are just coming together and have very little knowledge of one another.

During the storming stage, team members encounter initial obstacles and master conflict resolution. This is one of the most crucial points for building trust and forming resilient relationships. Psychologist Bruce Tuckman shared the team development process with the world in 1965. Tuckman asserted that each of these phases was necessary in order for a team to learn, grow, and deliver results of the highest quality.

Throwing a group of talented people together doesn’t mean that they will form a great team. Hoping that your company or project will be a success won’t make it happen. As new tasks arise, groups may still experience a few conflicts.

stages of a team forming

There are companies known for having set up a fun working environment. This may however not be visible until the team members four stages of team development are well acquainted with each other. Every team has the potential to grow from one level of strength to another.

At the start, most are excited to start something new and to get to know the other team members. Compare the benefits of working as a team with working by yourself.

Stop Micromanagement: It Destroys Your Team

In this phase, the team must understand that conflicts are good and healthy things for the team, but they need to work on them. There is a smooth flow of the processes involved in working and a sense of general friendship also exists. By this time, tasks and responsibilities are clear and everyone is working hard to bring about the expected results.

And just as the name seems to suggest, this is where storms start brewing. The challenges which bedevil every group on its way to high performance show up. The secret lies in the team members forming friendships. As they go for lunch together or meet over the weekend for events in which they share interests, the ties will grow stronger. The trick is in the leader understanding how to form a team.

stages of a team forming

By now, team members have figured out a strategy for working together. The internal competitions prevalent at the storming stage have been rooted out. Each team member’s roles and responsibilities are also clear. As a result, the team works more efficiently because members understand what’s expected of them and know how to share their ideas and seek feedback.

Performing Stage

We can say that this is a stage where team members still view themselves as individuals rather than part of the team. The often-contentious storming stage is the period when team members clarify their goals and the strategy for achieving them. Because storming can be contentious, members who are averse to conflict will find it unpleasant or even painful. This can decrease motivation and effort by drawing attention away from tasks.

stages of a team forming

Find time with an Assembly employee recognition expert to help get you started, today. ‘Team-building’ and ‘Team Development’ are often used interchangeably. And while they both involve bringing people together, they are different in their aims, strategies, and outcomes. This stage aims to acknowledge accomplishments while bringing closure to the team’s work. Activities include; a vision evaluation board, discussions on lessons learned, and suggestions on how to apply skills.

Team Norms And Cohesiveness

The storming stage is where the true character of people comes out. Those who cannot accommodate others in their lives due to minor differences find it difficult to work with them. A lot of jostling for positions and higher ranks is also common in this stage. Whatever interaction happens, it is mainly an attempt at getting to know the other person.

Being virtually strangers to one another, they tend to minimize unnecessary contact as they first work on curving their own space. Human beings are social and there is no way one person will prefer living and working alone for the whole of his life. Though some may live such lives, it is obvious that something will be lacking.

  • If everyone in your group thinks and acts the same, then why do you have a group?
  • Members may disagree on team goals, and subgroups and cliques may form around strong personalities or areas of agreement.
  • Team leaders should implement measures for managing competition and potential conflict among members.
  • You may need to personally engage team members and develop them for the tasks assigned to them.
  • If this phase is not carefully managed it can get out of control and be destructive to the effectiveness of the team.
  • The level of cohesiveness on the team primarily determines whether team members accept and conform to norms.

During the storming stage members begin to share ideas about what to do and how to do it that compete for consideration. Team members start to open up to each other and confront one another’s ideas and perspectives. The group development process is important because the system allows leaders to identify the correct stage of development and accurately assess the level of teamwork. The leader can then concoct an improvement plan to move team members through the development phases. The first stage of team development is forming, which is a lot like orientation day at college or a new job.

End Each Meeting With Insightful And Constructive Feedback That Improves The Group Process

Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing. When you have been on a team, how did you know how to act? How did you know what behaviors were acceptable or what level of performance was required? Teams usually develop norms that guide the activities of team members. Team norms set a standard for behavior, attitude, and performance that all team members are expected to follow. Instead, all the team members implicitly understand them.

stages of a team forming

The amount of insight available increases – you will realize this when you have more than one person looking at the situation. Obviously, you will have more information and more information almost always leads to better decisions. Yet big companies with many employees but with no teamwork never manage to match the success of smaller companies where teamwork is emphasized. Before we got to the how, let’s take a brief look at the why.

It is important that in a team, every member gets treated right. No matter what position one holds in the team, respect for other team members is a must. During the conflicts which are very common in this stage, many people drop out of the team. The second stage can quickly set in if the work being done requires constant interaction.

Norms become a way of simplifying choices and facilitating collaboration, since members have shared expectations about how work will get done. The five stages of team development are forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. Experts occasionally refer to the process as Tuckman’s stages of group development, the group development process, or the five stages of team building.


An organization is only as strong as the teams it creates to handle various projects. For this reason, organizations should invest in team development since it impacts the bottom line significantly. Developing an effective team is akin to maintaining a garden. The five stages of team development go a long way in ensuring that your teams thrive and that conflicts are kept minimal. They start to work through their differences and come up with solutions that benefit each other.

How Can You Help Your Team Advance In Their Development?

They eventually start to understand how each person works best and how they can support one another’s efforts toward a common goal. Team members tend to be more polite during this stage since they’re learning how to work together effectively. But, there’s still a tendency to revert to their old behaviors when under stress or pressure. Renowned psychologist Bruce Tuckman created an easily-understood model in 1965.

So, in order to be effective leaders and managers, one should have a clear idea of what may be going on with his/her team at any point of time. It will be different at the time when a team is just formed, and it will be different at the end of their journey as a team. As the group starts to familiarize themselves, roles and responsibilities will begin to form. It is important for team members to develop relationships and understand what part each person plays.

How To Help Your Team Progress Through The Stages Of Group Development

This can leave some team members feeling lonely and have difficulty moving on. These are the team members who developed very close relations with their colleagues in the team. As a team goes through these stages, it is bound to exhibit certain characteristics. Having anticipated them, you will prepare the right solutions. If you had an understanding of what caused the conflict, you would deal with the issue from the root. This way, you wouldn’t have to deal with it again because the situation won’t resurface.

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